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Author Archives: Kenneth G. Ruttenberg

A History of Sexual Harassment in the United States

While the first sexual harassment decision, Williams v. Saxby was handed down in 1976, this area of law had little visibility and minimal import until Justice Clarence Thomas’ conduct toward Anita Hill became emblematic of the syndrome. A timeline of sexual harassment law shows the evolution of national awareness of sexual harassment from a culturally… Read More »

How to Know if You’ve Been Wrongfully Terminated

Most employment contracts in California are based on the concept of at-will employment, meaning that either the employee or the employer can decide to end the business relationship whenever they want to. An employer does not need to show just cause for firing or demoting an employee, nor does an employee need a good reason… Read More »

When Sexual Harassment Becomes Stalking

Stalking is a form of repeated harassment that has an obsessive, escalating quality. The definition of stalking appears in the California Penal Code. Repeated and invasive acts meant to invoke severe discomfort or fear in the victim can indicate serious psychopathology, personality disorder as well as criminal intent. Stalking is a serious crime, in or… Read More »

Male Caregivers Face Sexual Discrimination

Men and women of the sandwich generation find themselves ‘stretched’ as caregivers for both their children and their aging parents and struggling mightily to simultaneously balance childrearing, parental care and corporate climbing. This scenario is not likely to change in the near future. What has changed is the gender distribution among caregiving adults. The Equal… Read More »

What Constitutes Sexual Harassment in California?

The California Fair Employment and Housing Act (FEHA) defines sexual harassment as an act or series of acts that are of a sexual nature, unwanted and unsolicited. Sexual harassment is a form of gender discrimination, and is therefore illegal under state and federal law. Who can be accused? In the past, only those in a… Read More »

What is Sexual Harassment?

According the U.S. Equal Employment Commission, the prohibition of sexual harassment is clearly defined: It is unlawful to harass a person (an applicant or employee) because of that person’s sex. Sexual harassment is a common form of gender discrimination, punishable by law. A 2012 survey by the Association of Women for Action and Research (AWARE)… Read More »